A recruiter, or recruitment consultant, is a professional who sources & places candidates. An agency recruiter works for a Recruitment agency and helps clients fill positions in their organizations.
The roles and responsibilities of an agency recruiter generally include:
1.) Designing and implementing the overall recruiting strategy
2.) Preparing recruitment materials
3.) Post jobs to job boards/ Social websites, to Source and recruit candidates by using databases, social media etc
4.) Screen resumes & interview candidates
5.) Successfully place candidates & raise invoices for candidates placed.
Their counterparts are in-house recruiters, who work on filling open positions within their organizations.
Recruitment Firms charge anywhere from a small fixed fee per placement for entry-level/low skill positions and 8-35% of a candidates annual salary for more senior/niche positions. These numbers vary a lot based on region and the state of the economy. Agency Recruiters tend to make roughly 20%-60% of the revenue they generate as a combination of base salary + bonus.
Pro Tip: While hiring an agency recruiter, make sure he/she is experienced in full-cycle recruiting. Right from sourcing talent and attracting candidates to interviewing and hiring great employees. This gives you a lot of time to find more new business that you would have otherwise spent training your recruiter.